35.28. Wamina alnnasi waalddawabbiwaal-anAAami mukhtalifun alwanuhu kadhalikainnama yakhscha Allaha min AAibadihialAAulamao inna Allaha AAaziizun ghafuurun
35.28. And of men and beasts and cattle, in like manner, divers hues? The erudite among His bondsmen fear Allah alone. Lo! Allah is Mighty, Forgiving. (Pickthall)
35.28. Und von den Menschen und den Tieren und dem Weidevieh, verschieden in ihren Farben, genau so. Es fürchten Allah von Seinen Knechten die Wissenden, Allah ist ja mächtig, verzeihend. (Ahmad v. Denffer)
35.28. Und unter den Menschen und den Tieren und dem Vieh gibt es (auf ähnliche Weise) unterschiedliche Farben. So ist es. Allah fürchten von Seinen Dienern eben nur die Gelehrten. Gewiß, Allah ist Allmächtig und Allvergebend. (Bubenheim)
35.28. Auch die Menschen, die Zug- und Lasttiere und das Vieh sind von verschiedenen Arten und Farben. Nur die Wissenden (Wissenschaftler) unter Seinen Dienern fürchten Gott. Gottes Allmacht und Vergebung sind unermesslich. (Azhar)
35.28. Auch (erschufen WIR) von den Menschen, den Tieren und den An'am , deren Farben vielfältig sind. Solcherart! Ehrfurcht ALLAH gegenüber haben unter Seinen Dienern nur dieWissenden. Gewiß, ALLAH ist allwürdig, allvergebend. (Zaidan)
35.28. Und (auch) bei Mensch und Tier und (beim) Vieh gibt es verschiedene Arten. So (ist es). Allah fürchten nur diejenigen von seinen Dienern, die das (wahre) Wissen haben. Allah ist mächtig und bereit zu vergeben. (Paret)
35.28. Und bei Mensch und Tier und Vieh (gibt es) auch verschiedene Farben. Wahrlich, nur die Wissenden unter Seinen Dienern fürchten Allah. Wahrlich, Allah ist Erhaben, Allverzeihend. (Rasul)
Tafsir von Maududi für die Ayaat 27 bis 28
Do you not see that Allah sends down rainwater from the sky and we bring forth thereby a variety of fruits of different colours ? In the mountains also there are streaks, white and red and jetblack, with different hues. And likewise, men, beasts and cattle also have different colours. ( 48 ) The fact is that only those of His servants, who possess knowledge, fear Allah. ( 49 ) Surely, Allah is All-Mighty, All-Forgiving. ( 50 )
Desc No: 48 This is meant to impress that in the universe created by Allah nowhere is there homogeneity and uniformity; there is variety everywhere. From the same earth and by the same water different kinds of trees are appearing. Even the two pieces of the fruit of the same tree are not uniform in colour and size and taste. In the same mountain one will see a variety of colours and a great difference in the material composition of its different parts. Even among human beings and animals one will not see two offspring of the same parents exactly alike. If a person seeks uniformity of the temperaments and dispositions and mentalities in this universe and is bewildered at the differences which have been alluded to in vv. 19-22 above, it will be his own perception and understanding to blame. This same variety and difference, in fact, point to the reality that this universe has been created by a Wise Being with great wisdom; its Maker is a Unique Creator and a Matchless Fashioner, Who dces not have the same model of everything before Him, but has a variety of countless and limitless designs of everything. Then if one ponders over the differences in human temperaments and minds, in particular. one will see that it is not a mere accident, but in fact the masterpiece of the wisdom of creation. If all human beings had been created with the uniform temperaments and desires and feelings and inclinations and ways of thinking, and no room had been left for any difference, it would have been absolutely useless to bring about a new creation like man in the world. When the Creator decided to bring into existence a responsible creation, a creation having power and authority, the necessary inevitable demand of the nature of the decision was that room for all sorts of differences should be provided in its nature and structure. This is the main proof of the fact that the creation of man is not the result of an accident, but the result of a wonderful and wise plan and design. And obviously, wherever there is a wise plan and design, there must necessarily be a Wise Being working behind it, for the existence of wisdom without a Wise Being would be un-imaginable.
Desc No: 49 That is, the more a person is unaware of the attributes of Allah, the morc he will be fearless of Him. Contrary to this, the more a person is aware and conscious of Allah's powers, His knowledge, His wisdom, His vengeance and His omnipotence and His other attributes, the morc he will fear His disobedience. Thus, in fact, ¦knowledge" in this verse does not imply knowledge of academic subjects like philosophy and science and history and mathematics, etc. but the knowledge of Divine attributes, no matter whether one is literate or illiterate. The one who is fearless of God is illiterate merely as regards this knowledge even if he has All the knowledge of the world. And the one who knows the attributes of God and fears Him in his heart, is Iearned even if he is illiterate. In the same connection, one should also know that in this verse the ' ulama ' does not imply the scholars in the technical sense, who are termed as religious scholars because of their knowledge of the Qur'an and Hadith and Fiqh and philosophy. They will prove true to this verse only when they possess fear of God in their hearts. The same thing has been said by Hadrat 'Abdullah bin Mas'ud, thus: "knowledge is not due to much narration of Hadith but due to much fear of Allah." And also by Hadrat Hassan Basri, thus: "The scholar is he who fears Allah though he has not seen Him, and turns to what is approved by Him and keeps away from what makes Him angry."
Desc No: 50 That is, He is All-Mighty, and therefore, can seize the disobedient as and when He likes: no one can escape His grasp. But He is All-Forgiving alsa and is, therefore, giving respite to the wrongdoers.