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5.107. Wenn man danach aber entdeckt, daß sie (beide) sich einer Sünde schuldig gemacht haben, dann (sollen) zwei andere an ihre Stelle treten von denen, zu deren Nachteil die beiden sich (einer Sünde) schuldig gemacht haben, und (sie) (beide sollen) bei Allah schwören: "Unser Zeugnis ist wahrlich berechtigter als deren Zeugnis. Und wir haben nicht übertreten; wir gehörten sonst wahrlich zu den Ungerechten."
16.9. And Allah ' s is the direction of the way, and some (roads) go not straight. And had He willed He would have led you all aright. (Pickthall)
16.9. Und Allah obliegt das Einschlagenlassen des Weges, und davon geht mancher daneben, und wenn Er wollte, hätte Er euch bestimmt rechtgeleitet, allesamt. (Ahmad v. Denffer)
16.9. Allah obliegt es, (euch) auf dem richtigen Weg zu halten. Es gibt ja (auch) manche, die abweichen. Wenn Er gewollt hätte, hätte Er euch fürwahr allesamt rechtgeleitet. (Bubenheim)
16.9. Gott zeigt euch den geraden Weg. Es gibt auch irreführende Wege. Wenn Gott wollte, würde Er euch alle rechtleiten. (Azhar)
16.9. Und ALLAH obliegt die Rechtleitung zum geraden Weg. Und manche der Wege sind abweichend. Und hätte ALLAH es gewollt, hätte ER euch doch rechtgeleitet, allesamt. (Zaidan)
16.9. Und die (Sorge für die) Einhaltung des (rechten) Weges obliegt Allah (allein) (wa-`alaa llaahi qasdu s-sabieli). Es gibt darunter auch welche, die (von der geraden Richtung) abweichen. Und wenn er gewollt hätte, hätte er euch insgesamt rechtgeleitet. - (Paret)
16.9. Allah weist den Weg. Es gibt solche, die (vom Weg) abweichen. Und hätte Er es gewollt, hätte Er euch allesamt den Weg gewiesen. (Rasul)
Tafsir von Maududi für die Ayaat 4 bis 9
He created Man from an insignificant sperm-drop, and behold, by and by he became a manifest disputant ( 7 ) . He has created cattle, which provide you with clothing and food, and there are other benefits also for you in them; they look pleasant when you drive them to the pasture in the morning and bring them home in the evening. They carry your burdens to far-off lands, which you could not reach without painful toil. Indeed your Lord is All-Compassionate and All-Merciful. He has created horses, mules and donkeys so that you may ride them, and they may add splendour to your life. He creates for you many other things, of which you have no knowledge at all. ( 8 ) Allah has taken upon Himself to show the Right Way, when there exist crooked ways too. ( 9 ) He would have guided all of you aright, if He had so willed. ( 10 )
Desc No: 7 This has two meanings and both are meant here. (1) Though Allah created man from an insignificant sperm-drop, he is capable of arguing and giving reasons in support of his claim. (2) Man who has such an insignificant origin, has become so vain that he does not hesitate to dispute even with his Creator. If considered in its first sense, it is a chain in the series of arguments given in many succeeding verses to prove the truth of the Message of the Holy Prophet. (Please refer to E.N. 15). If taken in the second sense, it is meant to warn man that he should not forget the insignificant origin of his existence while engaged in his rebellious arguments against his Creator. If he remembered the different stages of his humiliating birth and growth, he would consider many times before he assumed a haughty and rebellious attitude towards his Creator.
Desc No: 8 That is, "There are many agencies which are working for the good of man but he is quite unaware of such servants and the services rendered by them" .
Desc No: 9 This contains an argument for Prophethood along with a proof of Tauhid and of Allah's Compassion and Providence. The argument is this: There arc many divergent ways of thought and action open for man to choose from. Obviously all these divergent ways cannot be straight ways, because there can be only one straight way; therefore, there can be only one right theory of life which is based on that way, and only one right way of life which is based on that right theory . Thus it is clear that the choice of the right way of life is man's most important and basic need, for its wrong choice would inevitably lead to his ruin. This is because all other things fulfil his animal needs only, but this is the greatest necessity of his life as a human being and without its fulfilment his life would be an utter failure. Now, it cannot be expected that Allah Who made so many provisions, and on such a large scale, for the fulfilment of the animal life of man, did not make any arrangement for the fulfilment of this real and greatest necessity of man. Just as He has provided for all the necessities of his life, so He has also provided for this greatest need of his through Prophethood. If Prophethood is denied then it should be pointed out in what way Allah has fulfilled this basic need of man. Experience of centuries has shown that mankind has always blundered whenever it. has chosen a way of life by itself. This is because Man's wisdom and intelligence are limited, and he cannot depend on these for the choice of the right way of life. Above all, one cannot say that Allah has made no arrangement for this basic need of man, for this will be the greatest misconception of Allah that He may make most elaborate arrangements for man's animal life but should leave him in the lurch to search out a way for himself for the fulfilment of this most important and basic need.
Desc No: 10 Here a question arises: "Why didn't Allah will to guide all the people aright inherently when He had taken upon Himself to show the Right Way ?" It is true that Allah could have imbued Man, like other creatures, with the inborn instinct and enabled him to choose the Right Way without conscious thought, experience or teaching. But this would have been against His will which was to create a being, having will and power and freedom to follow the Right Way or the wrong way, whichever he chose for himself. This is why he has been endowed with different means of knowledge and powers of conscious thought, deliberation and will, and has been empowered with the authority to make use of all powers in him and all things around him. Moreover, He has placed in him and all around him such factors as might lead him to guidance or deviation. All these things would have become meaningless, had he been created righteous by birth, and he could never have attained the heights of progress, which can be achieved only by the right use of freedom. That is why Allah has chosen Prophethood for Man's guidance, and left him free to follow or reject a Prophet. This is a test by means of which Allah judges whether Man accepts the guidance that is presented to him in a rational way. "