36.11. Thou warnest only him who followeth the Reminder and feareth the Beneficent in secret. To him bear tidings of forgiveness and a rich reward. (Pickthall)
36.11. Vielmehr warnst du den, welcher der Ermahnung folgt und den Erbarmer im Verborgenen fürchtet, also künde ihnen Verzeihung an und edelmütige Belohnung. (Ahmad v. Denffer)
36.11. Du kannst nur jemanden warnen, der der Ermahnung folgt und den Allerbarmer im Verborgenen fürchtet. So verkünde ihm Vergebung und trefflichen Lohn. (Bubenheim)
36.11. Du vermagst nur den zu warnen, der dem ermahnenden Buch (dem Koran) folgt und den Barmherzigen, ohne Ihn zu sehen, fürchtet. Verkünde ihm die frohe Botschaft, dass ihm Vergebung und vortrefflicher Lohn gewährt werden! (Azhar)
36.11. Eigentlich warnst du nur denjenigen, welcher der Ermahnung folgt und Ehrfurcht vor Dem Allgnade Erweisenden im Verborgenen hat. So überbringe ihm die frohe Botschaft über Vergebung und edle Belohnung. (Zaidan)
36.11. Du kannst (mit deiner Botschaft) nur jemand warnen, der der Mahnung folgt und den Barmherzigen im verborgenen fürchtet. Dem aber verkünde (daß er dereinst) Vergebung und vortrefflichen Lohn (zu erwarten hat)! (Paret)
36.11. Du vermagst nur den zu warnen, der die Ermahnung befolgt und den Allerbarmer im Verborgenen fürchtet. Gib ihm darum die frohe Botschaft von Vergebung und einem ehrenvollen Lohn. (Rasul)
Tafsir von Maududi für die Ayaat 7 bis 11
Most of these people have already deserved the decree of torment; therefore, they do not believes ( 5 ) We have put on their necks fetters which reach to their chins, so they stand with heads upright. ( 6 ) We have set a barrier before them and a barrier behind them: We have covered them, so they cannot see anything. ( 7 ) It is all the same for them whether you warn them or warn them not, they would not believe. ( 8 ) You can only warn him who follows the admonition and fears the Merciful God, though he cannot see Him. Give him the good news of forgiveness and of a generous reward.
Desc No: 5 This is about those people who were being obstinate and stubborn with regard to the message of the Holy Prophet and had made up their minds not to listen to him at all. This is because: They have already deserved the torment; therefore, they do not believe." It means: "The people who do not heed the admonition, and persist in their denial and hostile attitude to the truth in spite of the final warning from Allah conveyed through the Prophets, are themselves overwhelmed by the evil consequences of their misdeeds and deprived of every opportunity to believe. " The same thing has been expressed more clearly in verse 11 below: "You can only warn him who follows the admonition. and fears the Merciful God though he cannot see Him. "
Desc No: 6 "Fetters" in this verse implies their own stubbornness which was preventing them from accepting the truth. "Which reach to their chins" and "their standing with heads upright" implies the stiffness of the neck which is caused by pride and haughtiness. Allah means to impress this: "We have made their obstinacy and stubbornness the fetters of their neck, and their pride and haughtiness has made them so stiff-necked that they will not pay heed to any reality, however clear and evident it may be."
Desc No: 7 Set a barrier before them and a barrier behind them" means that the natural result of their stubbornness and pride is that they neither learn any lesson from their past history nor ever consider the consequences of the fixture. Their prejudices have so covered them from every side and their misconceptions have so blinded them that they cannot see even those glaring realities which are visible to every right-thinking and unbiased person.
Desc No: 8 This dces not mean that it is fertile to preach, but it means: "Your preaching reaches every kind of people. Some of them are the ones mentioned above, and some others those who are being mentioned in the next verse. When you come across the people of the first kind and you see that they continue to persist in their denial, pride and antagonism, you should leave them alone, but at the same time you should not feel disheartened so as to give up your mission, for you do not know exactly where among the multitudes of the people are those sincere servants of God, who would heed your admonition and fear God and turn to the right path. The real object of your preaching, therefore, should be to search out and collect this second kind of the people. You should ignore the stubborn people and gather this precious element of the society about you. "