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60.1. O die ihr glaubt, nehmt nicht Meine Feinde und eure Feinde zu Schutzherren, indem ihr ihnen Zuneigung entgegenbringt, wo sie doch das verleugnen, was von der Wahrheit zu euch gekommen ist, und den Gesandten und euch selbst vertreiben, weil ihr an Allah, euren Herrn, glaubt. (Nehmt sie nicht zu Schutzherren), wenn ihr wirklich ausgezogen seid zum Abmühen auf Meinem Weg und im Trachten nach Meiner Zufriedenheit. (Tut das nicht, indem) ihr ihnen heimlich Zuneigung zeigt, wo Ich doch besser weiß, was ihr verbergt und was ihr offenlegt. Und wer von euch das tut, der ist fürwahr vom rechten Weg abgeirrt.

[ alMumtahana:1 ]

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Alle Suren anzeigen | Ansicht von Surah Gafir (40)  Ayah: 47


Medina-Musshaf Seite 472

Mehr Übersetzungen

Tafsir auf arabisch:
Ibn Kathir Tabari Jalalain Qurtubi

Tafsir auf englisch:
Ibn Kathir (NEU!) Jalalain ibn Abbas

40.47. Wa-idh yatahadschdschuuna fii alnnarifayaquulu aldduAAafao lilladhiinaistakbaruu inna kunna lakum tabaAAan fahal antummughnuuna AAanna nasiiban mina alnnari

40.47. And when they wrangle in the fire, the weak say unto those who were proud: Lo! we were a following unto you: will ye therefor rid us of a portion of the Fire? (Pickthall)

40.47. Und wenn sie miteinander disputieren im Feuer, und es sagen die Schwachen zu denjenigen, die sich groß wähnten: "Wir waren ja euer Gefolge, also werdet ihr uns einen Anteil vom Feuer abnehmen?" (Ahmad v. Denffer)

40.47. Und (denke daran,) wenn sie (dereinst) im (Höllen)feuer miteinander streiten, dann sagen die Schwachen zu denjenigen, die sich hochmütig verhielten: "Wir waren doch eure Gefolgsleute; könnt ihr uns nun einen Teil des (Höllen)feuers abnehmen?" (Bubenheim)

40.47. Wenn sie im Höllenfeuer miteinander streiten, werden die Schwachen zu den Anführern sagen: "Wir waren eure Anhänger. Werdet ihr nicht etwas vom Höllenfeuer von uns abwehren?" (Azhar)

40.47. Und (erinnere daran), wenn sie im Feuer miteinander disputieren, dann sagen die Schwachen zu denjenigen, die sich in Arroganz erhoben: „Gewiß, wir waren für euch Folgende, werdet ihr uns einen Anteil vom Feuer abnehmen?“ (Zaidan)

40.47. (Dereinst am Tag des Gerichts) wenn sie im Höllenfeuer miteinander streiten! Die Schwachen sagen dann zu denen, die (zu Lebzeiten) hochmütig waren: "Wir haben euch (im Erdenleben) Gefolgschaft geleistet. Werdet ihr uns nun einen Teil des Höllenfeuers abnehmen?" (Paret)

40.47. Wenn sie miteinander im Feuer streiten, werden die Schwachen zu den Hochmütigen sagen: "Wir waren ja eure Anhänger; werdet ihr uns deshalb nicht einen Teil des Feuers abnehmen?" (Rasul)

Tafsir von Maududi für die Ayaat 45 bis 47

At last, Allah saved the Believer from all those evil plots that the people devised against him, ( 61 ) and the companions of Pharaoh themselves were encompassed by the horrible scourge. ( 62 ) It is the fire of Hell before which they are presented morning and evening. And when the Hour of Resurrection comes, it will be commanded: "Admit the people of Pharaoh to the severest torment. " ( 63 ) Then imagine the time when these people will be disputing with one another in Hell. The weak ones will say to the haughty one, "We were your followers: now, can you save us from some part of our punishment in Hell?" ( 64 )

Desc No: 61
This shows that the Believer was such an important man in the kingdom of Pharaoh that although he spoke out the truth in the face of Pharaoh, in the full-packed court, yet none could have the courage to punish him publicly. That is why, Pharaoh and his supporters had to make secret plans to kill him, but these plans also were frustrated by Allah. 

Desc No: 62
It so appears from the style that this event of the Believer's speaking out the trnth had taken place in the last stage of the conflict between the Prophet Moses and Pharaoh. Probably being fed up and disgusted with the long drawn out conflict, Pharaoh might have at last made up his mind to kill the Prophet Moses. But he might have felt from the truthfulness of that influential person of his kingdom that the Prophet Moses' influence had even reached the higher circles of his government. Therefore, he might have decided that before taking the extreme step against Moses he should find out who among the chiefs and nobles and higher officials of the kingdom had been influenced by the movement, and should seize Moses after having punished them. But while he was still busy devising his plans, Allah commanded the Prophet Moses and his companions to migrate, and it was while pursuing them that Pharaoh was drowned in the sea along with his hosts. 

Desc No: 63
This verse is an express proof of the torment of barzakh, which has often been mentioned in the Traditions as the torment of the grave. Allah here has in clear words mentioned two stages of the torment; a lesser torment, which is being given now to Pharaoh and his people before the coming of Resurrection, and it is; this that they are presented before the fire of Hell morning and evening, which strikes terror in their hearts and they see the Hell which they will have to enter ultimately. After this when Resurrection comes, they will be given the real and greater punishment which is destined for them, i.e. they will be hurled into the same Hell, which they are being made to witness since the time they were drowned till today, and will continue to witness it till the Hour of Resurrection. And such a treatment is not especially meant for Pharaoh and his people: all the culprits continue to witness the evil end, from the hour of death till Resurrection, which is awaiting them. On the other hand, the righteous people are made to see continually the pleasant picture of the good end, which Allah has got ready for them. A Tradition has been related in Bukhari, Muslim, and Musnad Ahmad on the authority of Hadrat 'Abdullah bin `Umar, saying that the Holy Prophet said: Whoever from among you dies is shown his final resting place morning and evening continually, whether he be a dweller of Paradise or of Hell. It is said to him: This is the place which you will enter when Allah will raise you back to life on the Day of Resurrection and will call you into His presence. " (For further details, see AI Anfal: 50-51; An-Nalal: 28-32; AI-Mu'minun: 99-100 and the E.N.'s thereof, and E.N.'s 22, 23 of Surah Ya Sin). 

Desc No: 64
This they will not say in any hope that their previous guides or rulers or leaders would actually be able to save them from the torment, or would have it reduced. At that time they will have fully realized that those people could not avail them anything there. But they will say this in order to humiliate them, as if to say: "In the world you ruled over us with great show of power and authority: now save us also from this disaster which has befallen us only because of you." 

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